By Seth Stevenson Monday, December 11,at A man with a thick Eastern European accent describes different ways to earn points with a Citi credit card. Boasting that he gets points "tiger fast," he says, "For speed enhancement, I wear this striped pants.
Emanating from the intellectual centers of Italy, the Renaissance had spread across Europe during the 16th century, having its greatest effects in France and the Low Countries. Somewhat slower to develop in England, this movement burst briefly into full blossom with the design of the Queen's House at Greenwich by Inigo Jones in Having begun his career as a stage designer for the English court, Jones was eventually appointed to the position of royal surveyor or architect.
Shortly after receiving this appointment, Jones traveled to Italy to study first-hand the works of the Italian masters. This trip influenced the young architect profoundly.
Comparison of the Queen's House with such contemporary structures as Audley End or Hatfield House underscores the revolutionary character of Jones' design. It was the ascendance of the Low Countries to a position of commercial leadership in the West which finally brought the Renaissance to full development in England.
Many of those who returned to England following the restoration of the Monarchy had spent their time of exile in this country. As a result, the work of Jacob Van Campen, and other Dutch architects was to have a great effect on architecture in England afterespecially in the realm of domestic building.
With the ascendance of William of Orange to the English throne inthe Dutch influence on English culture was amplified and enhanced. Thus the English Renaissance, initially slow to evolve, began to quicken its pace during the third and final quarters of the seventeenth century, stimulated through commercial intercourse with the Low Countries.
The building of the Governor's Palace announced with assurance, the presence of this Renaissance in Virginia. In its classically-derived detail, its well-considered regularity and its freedom from the "ornamental eccentricities of the Gothic," the Governor's Palace partook of the Renaissance spirit current in the Mother Country at the time of its construction.
Outwardly every wyse man carrieth a graviti in Publicke Places, yet inwardly hath his imaginancy set on fire … It would appear that the Palace conformed admirably to this ideal as well. Visiting the Palace inTimothy Pickering saw "nothing magnificent" about the building's exterior but noted that its interiors were "finished in a rich and costly manner.
Sir Christopher Wren of course was the noted English architect, largely responsible for rebuilding London after the fire of Practicing for nearly half a century, Wren performed most prolifically during the decades between and The full height paneling, vigorous moldings and carved detail seen throughout the first floor of the Palace today were typical of this period in England, although rooms were often paneled below the chair-rail only, as is the case on much of the second floor.
In England, it was common for rooms to be paneled in hardwoods, naturally finished, as at Frampton Court or at Dyrham Park. In the latter instance, William Blaithwayt is known to have received as a gift from Governor Nicholson, large quantities of Virginia walnut and cedar for paneling his rooms.
Generally, walnut was the preferred material, though John Carter is known to have imported a quantity of "Madeira wood" Mahogany for the interiors of Rosewell. When the site of the Palace was excavated in remains of a walnut panel stile were among the artifacts sifted from the debris. Significantly, the diary of William Byrd II mentions two shipments of walnut lumber to Williamsburg during construction of the Palace.
Thus, the walnut paneling seen at the Palace today finds its basis in both documentary and archaeological evidence. The marble floor in the hall is also reconstructed upon the basis of archaeological material.
Marble paving was common in substantial English houses of the period and similar evidence of such floors has been found in association with the ruins of two other 18th century Virginia mansions — Rosewell and Corotoman. It is reasonably certain, however, that the marble paving in the Governor's residence represented the first such floor in Virginia.
The apparent use of walnut and marble at the Palace no doubt contributed greatly to the "rich and costly" appearance of its interiors. The carved marble mantels of the downstairs rooms were all reconstructed on the basis of materials recovered from this site in Those in the parlor and hall are of a later period and possibly represent pieces installed when the Ballroom wing was added around The configuration of the main stair with its extended landing is indicated on the Jefferson plan and 5 finds precedent in houses of the Wren period in England.
Ornamental plaster such as that now seen in the stair well is not without some precedent in Virginia. Excavation of "William Sherwood's House" at Jamestown revealed thousands of molded plaster fragments, ultimately identified as having once composed the Royal Arms of Britain.Revised Statement on the Prevention of Unintentionally Retained Surgical Items After Surgery Revised October 1, The following statement was revised by the American College of Surgeons (ACS) Committee on Perioperative Care and was reviewed and approved by the ACS Board of Regents at its June meeting.
The Joint Commission definition of sentinel event includes “unintended retention of a foreign object in a patient after an invasive procedure, including surgery.” The Joint Commission definition of a URFO is an object that is retained after skin closure has occurred following an invasive procedure.
Exclusion criteria were: intentionally. This is an entry to the Adversarial Collaboration Contest by Mark Davis and Mark Webb, who sent the following introduction along with their entry. Mark Davis is a naturopathic doctor.
Naturopathic medicine is a century-old profession in the United States, but it’s small, with fewer than 10, NDs licensed to practice naturopathic medicine in the US in Science and Technology Ronald E. Doel and Zuoyue Wang Science did not become a major concern of U.S.
foreign policy until the twentieth century. This is not to say that science was unimportant to the young republic. U.S. A retained surgical instrument is considered to be any item inadvertently left behind in a patient's body in the course of surgery.
A Sentinel Event Alert from the Joint Commission in warned clinicians about the dangers of unintended retention of foreign objects (URFOs) – also called retained surgical items (RSIs) – after invasive. Speaker. Transcript. Researcher. please tell me about your work as a foreign language teacher.
Danutė (1) I became an English teacher. (2) I had a good English language teacher in secondary school, and she was an example for me.