Origin[ edit ] The first Intercalated Games had been scheduled by the IOC in as part of a new schedule, where every four years, in between the internationally organised games, there would be intermediate games held in Athens. This was a compromise: After the successful games of Athens the Greeks suggested they could organize the games every four years.
Despite their efforts, the Games went to NaganoJapan, in a to vote. Others, including Welch, believed it was because Nagano had better wined and dined the officials. IOC members who came to inspect Nagano were put up in ritzy hot spring resorts, where they washed down expensive sushi with sake poured by kimono-clad geisha.
They went home laden with souvenir gifts and expensive paintings. The precise figures are unknown since Nagano, after the IOC asked that the entertainment expenditures not be made public, destroyed the financial records.
The high of costs of bidding was related to bringing members of the International Olympic Committee to Salt Lake City to see the venues proposed to be used for the Games.
In June50, people gathered outside the Salt Lake City Mayor's office to receive the result of the final announcement. Scandal[ edit ] Access to budget documents was routinely denied, Salt Lake City reporters say.
In Aprilthe board attempted to safeguard its aura of secrecy by amending its bylaws to stipulate that any member providing the press with confidential information could be dismissed. The former head of Kennecott Copper Corp.
The scandal broke on November 24,when a report came out showing a letter directed to a child of an IOC member indicating the SLOC was paying the child's tuition.
Swiss IOC member Marc Hodlerhead of the coordination committee overseeing the organization of the games, made the accusation that a group of members of the IOC had taken bribes since the start of the bidding process in for the Olympic games.
Many others soon followed. The Department of Justice filed charges against the two: Johnson and Welch were eventually acquitted of all criminal charges in December Each person was accused of receiving money from the SLOC, either in direct payments, land purchase agreements, tuition assistance, political campaign donations or charitable donations for a local cause.
Although nothing strictly illegal had been done, it was felt that the acceptance of the gifts was morally dubious. Stricter rules were adopted for future bids, and ceilings were put into place as to how much IOC members could accept from bid cities.
Additionally, new term and age limits were put into place for IOC membership, and fifteen former Olympic athletes were added to the committee.
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