Hot links Critical thinking is the process of actively analyzing, evaluating, and synthesizing information gathered from a variety of sources, using a framework designed to lend structure and clarity to the thinking process. As children think, they use their background knowledge, as well as information gathered from other sources, to draw their own conclusions.
S-1 Thinking Independently Principle: Critical thinking is independent thinking, thinking for oneself. Many of our beliefs are acquired at an early age, when we have a strong tendency to form beliefs for irrational reasons because we want to believe, because we are praised or rewarded for believing.
Critical thinkers use critical skills and insights to reveal and reject beliefs that are irrational. In forming new beliefs, critical thinkers do not passively accept the beliefs of others; rather, they try to figure things out for themselves, reject unjustified authorities, and recognize the contributions of genuine authorities.
They thoughtfully form principles of thought and action; they do not mindlessly accept those presented to them. Nor are they unduly influenced by the language of another.
If they find that a set of categories or distinctions is more appropriate than that used by another, they will use it. Recognizing that categories serve human purposes, they use those categories which best serve their purpose at the time. They are not limited by accepted ways of doing things.
They evaluate both goals and how to achieve them. They do not accept as true, or reject as false, beliefs they do not understand.
They are not easily manipulated. Independent thinkers strive to incorporate all known relevant knowledge and insight into their thought and behavior. They strive to determine for themselves when information is relevant, when to apply a concept, or when to make use of a skill.
Egocentricity means confusing what we see and think with reality. When under the influence of egocentricity, we think that the way we see things is exactly the way things are.
Egocentricity manifests itself as an inability or unwillingness to consider others' points of view, a refusal to accept ideas or facts which would prevent us from getting what we want or think we want.
The egocentric individual is more concerned with the appearance of truth, fairness, and fairmindedness, than with actually being correct, fair, or fairminded. Egocentricity is the opposite of critical thought.
It is common in adults as well as in children. As people are socialized, egocentricity partly evolves into sociocentricity. Egocentric tendencies extend to their groups.smart thinking skills for critical understanding and writin secondg edition matthew allen oxford university press. Critical thinking is a term that we hear a lot, but many people don't really stop to think about what it means or how to use it.
This lesson will tell you exactly what it means and make you. How to Think Critically. Developing your critical thinking skills will help you become a valued member of any team—at work, at school, or anywhere that solid decision-making skills are needed. While notions of what constitutes critical thinking vary,educators, politicians, and employers all agree that criticalthinking skills are necessary for well-educated citizens and a .
Robin Fogarty & Associates Presents: 7 Critical Thinking Skills of Common Core Robin J. Fogarty, Ph.D. [email protected] Author of: A School Leaders Guide to the Common Core. Critical thinking is one of the most sought-after skills in almost every industry and every workplace.
What is critical thinking? It refers to the ability to analyze information objectively and make a .