Compared with patients referred to specialty mental health care, patients with depression in primary care sometimes have symptoms that are less severe 9 — 11 and more somatic. Consequently, methods of providing psychological treatments that are less resource intensive are of great interest to primary care.
Criteria for defining psychological disorders depend on whether cultural norms are violated, whether behavior is maladaptive or harmful, and whether there is distress.
The medical model describes and explains psychological disorders as if they are diseases. The vulnerability-stress model states that disorders are caused by an interaction between biological and environmental factors. The learning model theorizes that psychological disorders result from the reinforcement of abnormal behavior.
The psychodynamic model states that psychological disorders result from maladaptive defenses against unconscious conflicts. Psychologists use objective and projective tests to assess psychological disorders.
Classification Classification allows psychologists to describe disorders, predict outcomes, consider treatments, and study etiology. Insanity is a legal term, not a diagnostic label. Psychologists and psychiatrists use the DSM to diagnose psychological disorders.
The DSM uses a multi-axial system of classification.
The DSM is a useful tool but has been criticized for several reasons. Most of the major disorders in the DSM are found worldwide. Culture-bound syndromes are limited to specific cultural contexts. Anxiety Disorders A chronic, high level of anxiety may be a sign of an anxiety disorder.
Generalized anxiety disorder involves persistent and excessive anxiety for at least six months. Having a specific phobia means becoming anxious when exposed to a specific circumstance.
Social phobia is characterized by anxiety in social or performance situations. A person with panic disorder experiences recurrent, unexpected panic attacks.
Agoraphobia involves anxiety about having panic attacks in difficult or embarrassing situations. Obsessive-compulsive disorder entails obsessions, compulsions, or both. Post—traumatic stress disorder is a set of psychological and physiological responses to a highly traumatic event. Biological factors implicated in the onset of anxiety disorders include genes, different sensitivity to anxiety, the neurotransmitters GABA and serotonin, and brain damage.
Conditioning and learning may contribute to the development of phobias. Some styles of thinking may make people more susceptible to anxiety disorders. Neuroticism is associated with anxiety disorders.28 th World Congress on.
Neurology and Therapeutics February 28 – March 02, Berlin, Germany Theme: Novel Integrative Studies of Neuroscience and Neurological Disorders.
Depressive disorders are highly prevalent in the general population worldwide. 1 Major depression ranks fourth on the list of disorders with the highest burden of disease and is expected to be on the top of the list in high-income countries by 2 There is consensus that psychological interventions have a central role in the treatment of.
Death anxiety and its role in psychopathology: Reviewing the status of a transdiagnostic construct. Mood disorder, also known as mood (affective) disorders, is a group of conditions where a disturbance in the person's mood is the main underlying feature.
The classification is in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) and International Classification of Diseases (ICD). The classification of mental disorders is also known as psychiatric nosology or psychiatric taxonomy.
It represents a key aspect of psychiatry and other mental health professions and is an important issue for people who may be diagnosed. Sep 06, · MCAT topics list by Gold Standard MCAT to guide students on what to study for the exam.