In their Communist Manifesto ofKarl Marx and Friedrich Engels applied the term communism to a final stage of socialism in which all class differences would disappear and humankind would live in harmony. Marx and Engels claimed to have discovered a scientific approach to socialism based on the laws of history. They declared that the course of history was determined by the clash of opposing forces rooted in the economic system and the ownership of property. Just as the feudal system had given way to capitalism, so in time capitalism would give way to socialism.
History and Backround of Communism Foundation, Goals, and Priorities Communism was an economic-political philosophy founded by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels in the second half of the 19th century.
Marx and Engels met inand discovered that they had similar principles. In they wrote and published "The Communist Manifesto. The workers that were exploited would develop class consciousness. Then there would be a fundamental process of class conflict that would be resolved through revolutionary struggle.
In this conflict, the proletariat will rise up against the bourgeoisie and establish a communist society.
Marx and Engels thought of the proletariat as the individuals with labor power, and the bourgeoisie as those who own the means of production in a capitalist society. The state would pass through a phase, often thought of as a socialism, and eventually settle finally on a pure communist society.
In a communist society, all private ownership would be abolished, and the means of production would belong to the entire community.
In the communist movement, a popular slogan stated that everyone gave according to their abilities and received according to their needs. Thus, the needs of a society would be put above and beyond the specific needs of an individual. In the late 19th century, communist philosophy began to develop in Russia.
Inthe Bolsheviks seized power through the October Revolution. This was the first time any group with a decidedly Marxist viewpoint managed to seize power.
They changed their name to the Communist Party, and sent their ideals to all European socialist parties. They then nationalized all public property as well as putting factories and railroads under government control.
Stalin continued leading by the communist philosophies, and extended the growth of the the USSR. This example of Communism has been followed in many countries since then, including China.The Rise of Communism In Russia "Unless we accept the claim that Lenin's coup d'etat gave birth to an entirely new state, and indeed to a new era in the history of mankind, we must recognize in today's Soviet Union the old empire of the Russians -- the only empire that survived into the mid 's" (Luttwak, 1).
The Rise of Communism In Russia "Unless we accept the claim that Lenin's coup d'etat gave birth to an entirely new state, and indeed to a new era in the history of mankind, we must recognize in today's Soviet Union the old empire of the Russians -- the only empire .
Dec 31, · A treaty between Russia, Ukraine, Belarus and Transcaucasia (modern Georgia, Armenia and Azerbaijan) formed the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR). The newly established Communist Party, led by Marxist revolutionary Vladimir Lenin, took control of the government.
The history of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union is generally conceived [by whom?] as also covering that of the Bolshevik faction of the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party .
The rise and fall of Communism in Russia. [Robert V Daniels] -- Distinguished historian of the Soviet period Robert V. Daniels offers a penetrating survey of the . Examines the challenges facing Russia after the collapse of communism, particularly the loss of entire generations of a free-thinking intelligentsia.