While Octavian would never have rose to power without the bequest given to him by Julius Caesar, if Octavian had not won the Roman Civil Wars and ruled Rome as the Emperor Caesar Augustus the world would little remember Julius Caesar, probably no more than it remembers Lucius Cornelius Salla, another victorious general and Roman dictator. Octavian was a competent politician and military commander but his real talent was as an administrator. He introduced the administrative reforms that led to the Pax Romana with its flourishing of trade and the arts.
Leaders of the Roman Republic recognized that reforms needed to be made but were undecided as the what the reforms must be and how major reforms could be carried out. One leader prior to Caesar arose that gained the power to make such reforms.
His name was Lucius Cornelius Sulla. To understand the events of the life of Julius Caesar it is important to review the life and career of Sulla.
He aspired to a political career but he had little success until 78 BCE when he became quaestor financial officer in an army commanded by Gaius Marius. For more information on the political offices of the Roman government see Roman Governance.
Jugurtha was a Berber leader that had a turbulent relationship with Rome.
Jugurtha was the illegitimate son of a former king of Numidia, which roughly corresponded to what is now Algeria. In times past Jugurtha had been an ally of Rome, commanding a Berber force fighting in alliance with Rome in Spain.
Jugurtha was winning control of Numidia against the rival claimants to the throne when his troops captured a city where his rivals had taken refuge.
When the city, which was what is now Constantine, Algeria, was taken all of the inhabitants were slaughtered, along with some important Roman business men. As a consequence Rome declared war on Jugurtha.
Jugurtha faught a guerilla wars against the Romans. Finally Jugurtha negotiated a favorable treaty of peace with the Romans.
The terms were so surprisingly favorable to Jugurtha that the Roman Senate requested he come to Rome and explain how he had obtained such favorable conditions. The Senate suspected bribery. Under safe conduct conditions Jugurtha journeyed to Rome.
The Senate accepted that the treaty was a legitimate one and Jugurtha was allowed to return to Numidia.
However before he left Rome Jugurtha arranged the assassination of a rival of his for the throne of Numidia.
This so outraged the Senate that the treaty was abrogated and war was to continue against Jugurtha. It was expected that the war against Jugurtha would be long and difficult.
Sulla journeyed to the adjacent kingdom which was in what is now north Morocco and convinced the king, Bocchus, to betray Jugurtha who was a refugee in the kingdom of Bocchus, who happened to be his father-in-law.Full Answer. The year after Caesar stepped down, he was elected again for a term of one year.
During this time Caesar killed the king of Pontus, dealt with Pompey, his . A Description of Many of the Problems That Julius Caesar Faced During His Rule.
words. 1 page. The Life of Julius Caesar, The Leader of the Roman Empire. 2, words. Constitutional problems Julius Caesar. Caesar's most important problem, however, was that he had become too powerful: the Roman republic was an oligarchy in which the powers were shared among the kaja-net.com though the Senate was defeated, oligarchic sentiments were strong, and Caesar had to find a way to make his rule tolerable.
The people who most influenced young Octavius were his mother, Atia, who was the niece of the Roman leader Julius Caesar (c.
– 44 b.c.e.), and Julius Caesar himself. Unlike Caesar, one of Rome's military heroes, Augustus was sickly as a young boy.
A superb general and politician, Julius Caesar (c BC – 44 BC / Reigned 46 – 44 BC) changed the course of Roman history. Although he did not rule for long, he gave Rome fresh hope and a.
Julius Caesar - A great Roman general and senator, recently returned to Rome in triumph after a successful military kaja-net.com his good friend Brutus worries that Caesar may aspire to dictatorship over the Roman republic, Caesar seems to show no such inclination, declining the crown several times.